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What is Hazardous Waste?

The other day as I was brainstorming ideas to write about for the blog something occurred to me. Hazardous waste is a very broad concept. I realized that outside of a company that deals with theses items on a daily basis, there may be confusion about what even qualifies as hazardous. This being said, I decided to talk about what, exactly, hazardous waste is.

The EPA defines hazardous waste as, “waste that is dangerous or potentially harmful to our health or the environment.” They further break down these wastes into four categories:

– Listed Wastes: These are wastes that EPA has determined to be hazardous. These listed wastes include F-list, K-list, and P-and U-Lists.

– Characteristic Wastes: These are wastes that do not fit into any of the above listings but that exhibit ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity.

– Universal Wastes: This includes things like batteries, pesticides, mercury-containing equipment (e.g., thermostats, old fashioned thermometers, etc.) and fluorescent lamps.

– Mixed Wastes: These are wastes that contain both radioactive and hazardous waste components.

For all of these wastes it is vital to dispose of them in a manner that will not harm the environment. Luckily, current available technologies are able to remove toxicity and/or hazard from many of these items making them safe for reuse or disposal.

Top Ten Hazardous Waste Generator Violations (And How to Avoid Them): Part 3

This week we will finish the article about the Top 10 Hazardous Waste Violations (And How to Avoid Them) written by Patty Smith, CHMM (Certified Hazardous Materials Manager).

4. Used Oil Labeling Violations   

          AVOID this by:

1.) Understand the definition of used oil.

2.) Any container or tank utilized to hold used oil should be labeled “Used Oil”.

3.) Ensure fill pipes used to transfer used oil to a UST are marked “Used Oil”.

3. Universal Waste Violations

-Violations for Spent Batteries:

1.) If universal waste batteries are in poor condition, they must be stored in a closed container.

2.) Labeled “Universal Waste Batteries”, “Waste Batteries”, or “Used Batteries”.

-Violations for Spent Lamps:

1.) Universal waste lamps must be stored in a closed container.

2.) Labeled “Universal Waste Lamps”, “Waste Lamps”, or “Used Lamps”.

AVOID this by:

1.) Understand the regulations for universal waste.

2.) Train employees on proper universal waste handling procedure.

2. Open Container Violations

AVOID this by:

1.) Rule of Thumb- if the contents would spill if the container was overturned, then the container is considered open.

2.) Close and latch funnels; screw in bungs; use drum rings and tighten bolts.

3.) Train employees to close containers when not adding or removing waste.

 1. Storage Area Accumulation Date Violations

-Containers of hazardous waste in a 90 or 180-day storage area must be marked with an accumulation date.

 AVOID this by:

1.) Once 55 gallons of hazardous waste or 1 quart of acute hazardous waste is exceeded at the satellite accumulation area, storage area dating requirements apply after three days.

 2.) Make sure all containers of hazardous waste in storage are marked with waste accumulation dates during weekly inspections.

 In General:

• Familiarize yourself with the regulations.

• Know your generator classification.

• Select the best storage method for your hazardous waste.

• Train employees so compliance is a team effort.